Outcomes of Surgery

  • Satisfaction with “treatment” outcomes vary markedly ranging from satisfied with treatment outcomes after surgical intervention to significant dissatisfaction (prolonged sexual anxiety, dyspareunia, and dissatisfaction with genital function).
  • Any treatment of intersex people should occur in the context of open dialogue between practitioners, the intersex person and their family with full informed consent prior to any surgical intervention and increased access to psychological support services.


“I Want to Be Like Nature Made Me”: Medically Unnecessary Surgeries on Intersex Children in the US

(Reader Advisory: This report contains graphic descriptions of traumatic experiences, often affecting children.)


Intersex-Affirming Hospital Policy Guide: Providing Ethical and Compassionate Health Care to Intersex Patients (FRA LGBTI Survey 2020: Intersex Specific Questions)

…“”80 percent of intersex people have changed healthcare providers due to their providers’ use of insensitive or offensive language. 20 percent of us have had to knowingly use harmful, pathologizing language to refer to and describe our bodies in order to access care.”

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